ISO 23864:2021

Non‐destructive testing of welds -- Ultrasonic testing -- Use of automated total focusing technique (TFM) and related technologies
Autor: ISO
Código ICS: 25.160.40


This document specifies the application of the TFM technique and related technologies for semi- or fullyautomated ultrasonic testing of fusion- welded joints in metallic materials of minimum thickness 3,2 mm.NOTE Unless stated otherwise, in this document ‘TFM” and ‘TFM technique” refer to the TFM technique asdefined in ISO 23243, and to all related technologies, see for example ISO 23865 and ISO 23243.This document is applicable to components with welds fabricated using metals which have isotropic(constant properties in all directions) and homogeneous conditions. This includes welds in lowcarbon alloy steels and common aerospace grade aluminium and titanium alloys, provided they arehomogeneous and isotropic.This document applies to full penetration welded joints of simple geometry in plates, pipes and vessels.This document specifies four testing levels (A, B, C, D), each corresponding to a different probabilityof detection of imperfections. Guidance on the selection of testing levels is provided. Coarse-grainedmetals and austenitic welds can be tested when the provisions of this document have been taken intoaccount.This document gives provisions on the specific capabilities and limitations of the TFM technique forthe detection, locating, sizing and characterization of discontinuities in fusion-welded joints. The TFMtechnique can be used as a stand-alone approach or in combination with other non-destructive testing(NDT) methods for manufacturing, in-service and post-repair tests.This document includes assessment of indications for acceptance purposes based on either amplitude(equivalent reflector size) and length or height and length.This document does not include acceptance levels for discontinuities.The following two typical testing techniques for welded joints are referred to in this document:a) side scanning, where the probe(s) is (are) positioned adjacent to the weld cap, typically usingwedges. Side scanning can be performed from one side or both sides of the weld;b) top scanning where the probe is positioned on top of weld cap with a flexible, conformable delayline or using immersion technique, or using contact technique after removing the weld cap.Semi-automated testing encompasses a controlled movement of one or more probes along a fixture(guidance strip, ruler, etc.), whereby the probe position is measured with a position sensor. The scan isperformed manually.In addition, fully automated testing includes mechanized propulsion.

Especificaciones de la Norma
Fecha de Publicación 19/01/2021
Título Secundario Essais non destructifs des assemblages soudés -- Contrôle par ultrasons -- Utilisation de la technique d’acquisition automatisée de focalisation en tout point (FTP) et de techniques associées
Páginas Técnicas 32
Idioma Inglés